Fiedler has created the least-preferred co-worker score LPCan instrument that tells to measure whether a leader is task or relationship oriented. Leaders try to sell their information or ideas get the support of his followers.
It promotes participation in decision making and team development, support for individual needs and adjusts the targeted individuals and groups.
The main goal of the follower is to obey the instructions of the leader. If a subordinate does what is desired, a reward will follow, and if he does not go as per the wishes of the leader, a punishment will follow.
Leaders of monitoring progress and decisions they are less involved in decision-making.
They accept goals, structure, and the culture of the existing organization. Leadership also includes changes in vision, the people with the vision and strategic adjustments, motivate and inspire them.
Passive Management by Exception: Leadership theory Introduction A person can be a good manager, but not necessarily a good leader; another person might be a good leader, but might not a good manager.
They may even use punishment as a response to unacceptable performance. There is a distinct chain of command where leaders have positional power over followers. Transactional Leadership plays a significant role in effective leadership, especially in situations that tend to have more difficult processes, or when the leader will be required to motivate an individual based on his or her strengths and weakness Bass et al.
A leader who has a low LPC score then the leader is task-oriented. Transactional leaders actively monitor the work of their subordinates, watch for deviations from rules and standards and taking corrective action to prevent mistakes.
Transactional leaders link the goal to rewards, clarify expectations, provide necessary resources, set mutually agreed upon goals, and provide various kinds of rewards for successful performance. Laissez-faire leadership indicates a lack of leadership and a complete hands-off approach with employees.
All the situation are unique, the ideal leader to lead the situation will be unique, too. Situational Leadership Theory According to Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, it will depend on individual circumstances and not a single leadership style can be considered the best. Base on the theory there are four different types of leadership: We need to have good relationship between leaders-member, task structure and position power.
These are high LPC leader. All organizations need effective managers who can inspire staff, set the general direction and responsible for the outcome from the organization. James MacGregor Burns distinguished between transactional leaders and transformational by explaining that: Management-by-exception maintains the status quo, intervenes when subordinates do not meet acceptable performance levels, and initiates corrective action to improve performance.
Assumptions of Transactional Theory Employees are motivated by reward and punishment. Active management by exception is where the leader throughout the task process monitors the employee, identifying deviations in standards that need corrections. The significance of both these systems is critical in the leadership theory being discussed in this study.Essays & Papers Transactional leadership ).
This paper will discuss the transactional leadership theory and the effects on employee performance within an organization. Since transactional contingent reward leadership explicitly explains leader expectations and offers rewards or incentives when goals are satisfactorily completed.
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Transactional leadership is a part of a style of leadership that focuses on supervision, organization, and performance; it is an integral part of the Full Range Leadership Model. "Adhering to the path-goal theory, transactional leaders are. Transformational leadership theory is the most current leadership theory that attracts many discussions and researches at different levels to prove its effectiveness in current world leadership’s pattern, but some are against it.5/5(5).
Aug 09, · View and download leadership theory essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for. Transformational, Transactiona l Leadership Styles and Job Performance of Academic Leaders Maryam ; Hurley & Hult, ).
Although transactional leadership is related to punishment behavior and contingent reward which is regarded as the source of effective management, transformational control is seen as enriching that source for .Download