When we speak about socio — cultural differences between the two parties we need to talk about the structural and the cultural violence. As we saw, Pakistan perceives India as an enemy due to the fact that it rules the other part of Kashmir and their relation for a long period of time was characterized by mistrust.
In addition there were significant social and economic differences between the two parts. Many believe that Kashmir should be an independent state, but this is very hard in practice due to the fact that India, Pakistan and possible China should give up territory, and this is very unlikely.
Pakistan described the events as a Muslim uprising against the oppressive regime of the Indian maharaja. After this episode, when all the political options to prevent a new war were becoming increasingly scarce, a peace effort was still made through the intervention of the British Prime Minister Harold Wilson.
Further init was fully conquered by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It will be showed that third party initiatives were less effective than the direct Indo — Pakistani talks. They established a reign of terror and drove out almost all the Hindus from the valley before the Indian army moved in to flush them out.
Indo-Pakistani War of Rebel forces from the western districts of the State and the Pakistani Pakhtoon tribesmen [note 3] [note 4] made rapid advances into the Baramulla sector.
While structural violence is a process, the cultural aspect of violence is an invariable and permanent situation. But the impulse of de escalation, this time came from Islamabad, due to the massive losses of human life.
When speaking about territorial claims, geographer Alexander B. Speaking about propaganda, the article does not focus on a material aspect of propaganda such as a specialized institution, or a political discourse but rather on non material aspects; it explains why propaganda is possible taking into considerations aspects such as different historical evolution, religion, culture, nationalism and territorial claims.
The chief town or collection of dwellings in the valley is called Kashyapa-pura, which has been identified as Ancient Greek: For scholar Wayne Wilcox, Pakistan was able to find external support to counter "Hindu superiority", returning to the group security position of the early 20th century.
India and Pakistan both tested nuclear devices in Mayand then in April test-fired missiles in efforts to perfect delivery systems for their nuclear weapons. It be might said that a lasting peace is characterized by the absence of physical and structural violence, absence of discrimination and good governance.
For example, in Islamic culture it is strongly believed that some persons, especially Muslims are closer to God than others — the non Muslims.
Therefore, India argued that for Pakistan to call for self determination Kashmir was disingenuous and hypocritical. The United States and Britain proposed that if the two could not reach an agreement then arbitration would be considered.
Once again the peace initiatives might be jeopardized, this time by the link between Pakistan and terrorism. I have chosen a specified conflict resolution model to easily show how propaganda escalated the conflict and how the peace initiatives helped to de escalate the conflict.
We are far away from the phase of conflict reconciliation; we are in a point between agreement and normalization. The fear of a full-scale war with nuclear capability adding a deadly dimensioncoupled with precarious economies and the knowledge of what international sanctions could do to them, may have prevailed in both countries.
Whereas in India took the Kashmir issue to the UN and was all for a plebiscite, by the s it hid behind the Simla agreement and thwarted any attempts at UN or third-party mediation. During ancient and medieval period, Kashmir has been an important centre for the development of a Hindu-Buddhist syncretismin which Madhyamaka and Yogachara were blended with Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta.
If I allow India to have this cap on our head, then I am always at the mercy of India…The very position, the strategic position of Kashmir, is such that without it Pakistan cannot defend herself against an unscrupulous government that might come in India.
Although the Government of Pakistan denied the support for the militants, India believed that Pakistan through ISI, supplied material and financial support without which the movement would have been easier for the Indian army to suppress.
After its military pact with the United States in the s, it intensively studied guerrilla warfare through engagement with the US military. Instead, they turned in infiltrators to the Indian authorities in substantial numbers, and the Indian Army ended up fighting the Pakistani Army regulars.
Inhe was anointed as the Raja of Jammu. It is one of the largest temple complexes on the Indian subcontinent.Kashmir is a region located in South Asia, bordering Pakistan and India.
The disputer over Kashmir started inwhen the British colonies withdrew from South Asia and separted India and Pakistan/5(2).
Three wars have taken place between India and Pakistan over the issue of Kashmir. Indian Military controls its part of Kashmir where the majority of residents are Muslims, acts of violence and violations of human rights is a common occurrence in Indian controlled Kashmir.
Diplomacy and Propaganda in the Kashmir War Essay Sample. Abstract: The conflict between Hindu and Muslims over the Kashmir region is one of the bloodiest religious wars in history, exceeding in violence the Crusades or the “Thirty years war’’.
The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in China has at times played a minor role.
India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of andas well as the Kargil War of The two countries have also been involved in several skirmishes over.
The two countries have fought several declared wars over the territory. The Indo-Pakistani War of established the rough boundaries of today, with Pakistan holding roughly one-third of Kashmir, and India one-half, with a dividing line of control established by the United Nations.
The Kashmir dispute dates from The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. However, there remained the problem of overDownload