Psychology theories and self reflection

Goals are a dime a dozen, but progress toward them requires an understanding of where we are now and how far away our ideals are from the present.


The psychology behind self-reflection and change Although we often think of "self focus" as a destructive force e. That is, if we are overwhelmed or become paralyzed by the magnitude of our shortcomings, we can shut down and tune out rather than double down and persevere. Rogers believe that people could help themselves and find self-fulfilment by looking at how they see themselves as a whole.

However, goals often go unrealized because people lack self-awareness. First, there is a happy medium in how much negativity we experience in order for change to take place. Behaviourism There were many different theorists that had impact on the behaviourist perspective I am going to discuss two of them John B.

Psychology theories and self reflection right kind of self awareness A few things about "self awareness" must be kept in mind in order for positive change to occur. Thus, to improve our chances of reaching our goals, we must remain aware of our current behavior to have a clearer sense of its departure from our goals.

I tell them that with any behaviour it is going to have a consequence and that it could be bad or good depending on the behaviour. A variety of theories on self-regulation i.

Self-Reflection I can see that the behaviourist perspective had an influence in my life when I was growing up and I also use it with my own children.

Many traditions that share a common theme In sum, there is much to learn from those who frequently and conscientiously engage in self-reflection.

Abraham Maslow focused on the positive and not negative of how people viewed themselves. Narcissists, on the other hand, are focused on the self in pursuit of vanity, egotism, and an inflated sense of self importance.

He believed like Ivan Pavlov, the Russian physiologist, that behaviour was based on classic conditioning, which is behaviour training you take a stimulus and pair it with a response. In short, we cannot reach our destinations without knowledge of our current location on the map. Skinner furthered the behaviourist perspective with his concept of operant conditioning, which demonstrated the effect of punishment and reinforcement on behaviour which could then in turn could change the way one behaves Huffman et.

Goal pursuit is no different than any other fact of life: Beyond its importance as one of the holiest days for Jews, it occurred to me that its focus on self-reflection serves a very important psychological function, and that Jews are not alone in such a focus on the self in the service of self-improvement.

Part of the twelve steps of Alcoholics Anonymous and other groups that follow similar step traditions is that alcoholics take a personal moral inventory of their resentments and perceived character defects to become better people.

I as a mom tend to use the operant conditioning with my own children. Research in the psychological literature suggests that the negativity elicited from our awareness of a discrepancy between our current state and our goal is critical to spur self-improvement.

However, by picking smaller, more manageable goals, progress rather than paralysis can result. In life, people have many goals e. Although the narcissist may need self-regulation more than most, their self-awareness typically is incredibly misaligned and in a real twist of irony, they are the ones who are least likely to be aware of it.

That is, the pain that emanates from our confronting a transgression e. Ironically, the megalomaniacal person is focused on the self, but rather than seeing an accurate sense of self that has deficiencies and room for improvement, this ego-centric person has a delusional sense of omnipotence and grandiosity.

Second, it is important to once again re-emphasize the difference between self-focus and self-absorption.

Similarly, philosophical and religious orientations that emphasize mindfulness e.

When I was potty training my little girl I used this, if my daughter peed on the potty I used to give her stickers as a reward to that and if she had an accident she would not get one which helped so she put the two together and knew that all she would have to so is pee on the potty and she would get positive reinforcement instead of negative.

Peoples personal views on this theory vary as it is believed that you as a person can control your own behaviour you just have to want it bad enough.

Why is self awareness so critical? There are many different theories that have Psychology theories and self reflection psychology, but when I look at my life there are three that stand out from all the rest that I will be talking about in this paper those three theories are behaviourism, humanism, and psychoanalytic.

Thus, the morbidly obese person should not adopt the goal of becoming "a size 4" if she is "a size 22" because such a huge discrepancy might overwhelm her rather than motivate her.

The impact of behaviourism was enormous, and this school of thought continued to dominate for the next 50 years until people started to see that there are many things that influence ones behaviour instead of just what is learned. If you have a person that has a low self-esteem how is possible to see yourself as a good person and who is happy?

When I was younger my father was very abusive and he used to hit us with a belt and I knew that any time I see that belt I was going to get hit, so in a way that is like classic conditioning.

Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow were the ones that were mainly responsible for developing this theory Huffman, et al, pg. As Jews heed the sound of the shofar this weekend, we should all listen to the lessons of self-reflection in order to make progress on the goals that matter and that improve our lives.

It is reassuring to see so many traditions spanning thousands of years that emphasize themes identified in the psychological literature as critical for self-improvement. We start with John B. Quality self-focus is about one having an accurate view of the self for the sake of self- understanding.Running Head: PSYCHOLOGY THEORIES AND SELF-REFLECTION 1 Psychology Theories and Self-Reflection PSYCHOLOGY THEORIES AND SELF-REFLECTION Psychology Theories.

The social basis of self-reflection. Book section. Original citation: Originally published in Valsiner, Jaan and Rosa, Alberto, (eds.) The Cambridge handbook of sociocultural psychology.

Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology. Cambridge University Press, According to the conflict theories, self-reflection arises through a social struggle. Self-Reflection Related to Influential Psychology Theories When psychologists were first acknowledged they began studying behaviors and biological processes.

Mar 18,  · Check out our top Free Essays on Psychology Theories And Self Reflection to help you write your own Essay.

The psychology behind self-reflection and change. Although we often think of "self focus" as a destructive force (e.g., A variety of theories on self-regulation (i.e.

Psychology Theories and Self Reflection

Introduction Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes. It is a broad discipline which seeks to analyze the human mind and study why people behave, think, and feel the way they do. There are many different ways to approach psychology, from examining biology's role in.

Psychology theories and self reflection
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