The tympanum on Vezelay Abbey, Burgundy, France Vezelayis a perfect example to fully grasp the detail and message of Romanesque exterior art. The thick walls drove unwanted forces away and gave the people inside a sense of comfort. The people who prayed within the walls were looking for confinement.
The use of the pointed arch in Europe started very soon after the First Crusadewhen Jerusalem was captured from the Muslims. To support the additional weight of a higher building, buttresses had to be taller and to project more and more from the wall.
However vaulted ceilings were not the only tools that helped support these old buildings. An example of these remarkable ceilings can be seen in the Bourges Cathedral in Bourges, France; this memorable Cathedral shows the perfect use of ribbed Gothic vs romanesque architecture essay.
By allowing higher and grander windows it allowed more light in these usual dark places, it removed many issues with mold and eliminated the use of open doors on raining days. It was used by Muslim artists in Asia, Africa, and even in parts of southern Europe.
In Gothic structures pointed arches had become a very popular and common trait amongst their buildings. The Notre Dame Cathedral figure 6 shows that the church had grown far and wide and more people were seeking to worship the Lord in a holy, sacred place.
It was in ingenious ideas that in time lead to giving both themes an extraordinary way to distribute the buildings weight. Though they did not believe in the Muslim religion, there was no reason why they should not imitate the art that pleased them.
Although there were slight variations in each country, the Romanesque style dominated Western Europe until it was replaced by the Gothic style.
Art has evolved and changed for the Catholic Church, but the love for God remains the same. But Gothic architects did not invent the pointed arch. Romanesque churches did not have windows on the first floor because there was a risk of people invading. At each corner a pier large pillar was built.
Still standing today, the church draws people far and wide to admire its beauty. The change in design of the cathedrals allowed more light to shine on those who prayed to the Lord.
Medieval buildings were constructed with vaults--ceilings made by continuous arches of heavy columns. Figure 1, the St.
It is hard to imagine words to describe these structural themes. Denis Chorumgang, interior, http: This system of building is called ribbed vaulting. The Gothic cathedrals were beautifully crafted and let the light of God shine into the church.
Match the items on the right to the items on the left. In conclusion, churches have been around for centuries but the design of each one is different. Articles from Grolier Online Resource Check. Each cathedral drew the community grew people closer together. Architects of the late Romanesque period had experimented with the ribbed vault, which allowed them to build much higher churches.
The Gothic cathedrals represented the change in the economic situation and allowed more opportunities for the church to improve their houses dedicated to God.
The plan of the church was divided into square sections called bays. Round Roman arches, thick walls, and small windows are typical of the buildings. Appendix Figure 1-Saint George, rotude http: During the eleventh century, a large number of churches increased all across Europe, and that was the start of the new idea to put more time and effort into building a holy place for worship.
The reason in Gothic structures it was common to see such height in their towers, because a majority of the weight was resting on the surface. The walls are visibly thinner unlike the Romanesque church. These great themes will live forever not just in physical form but in our imaginations, fully understanding the art like this cannot just be built over and over again.
From the ribbed ceilings, unique window differences, majestic features, and innovative structural results. The columns support the ceiling and arches. The Civic Hall in Massa Marittima, Italy has a very popular boxy appearance, and is limited on large or thick windows.Apr 28, · The Romanesque architecture was represented as protective and sturdy to withstand any attack.
Gothic architecture was shed a new light on the world, especially when it came to expressing art through the Catholic Church. Whether it was in its distinctive windows, unique exterior and interior designs, or any of the other myriad architectural features, Romanesque and Gothic architecture are identifiable if one can distinguish the two types of styles.
Another important feature of Romanesque architecture was the use of a separate bell tower, or campanile, that was built beside the main church. Although there were slight variations in each country, the Romanesque style dominated Western Europe until it was replaced by the Gothic style.
This is the same study guide that you have in your Course Packet. The answers are in red. Romanesque and Gothic Essay essaysA Comparative Essay on Romanesque and Gothic Styles Architecture has progressed drastically throughout time. Gothic period followed the Romanesque period.
Though they did not follow the same elements. The primary difference between Gothic cathedrals and Romanes. Essay on Geometry in Gothic Architecture Words | 15 Pages. Introduction The 12th Century saw the move away from the Romanesque architecture which had typified the preceding centuries to the era of the great Gothic cathedrals which were to become the architectural symbol of the middle ages.Download